"The island of Britain derives its name from Brutus, a Roman consul. Taken from the south-west point it inclines a little towards the west, and to its northern extremity measures eight hundred miles, and is in breadth two hundred. It contains thirty three cities, viz.
These are the names of the ancient cities of the island of Britain. it has also a vast many promontories, and castles innumerable, built of brick and stone. Its inhabitants consist of four different people; the Scots, the Picts, the Saxons and the ancient Britons.”
Names of the britonic cities.
- History of the Britons, by Nennius. Chapter 3, Paragraph 7.
"Ros an Bucca (Cornish – Circle of the Bucca) is a small traditionalist witch circle and kord (clan) working in the countryside of Cornwall’s West Penwith region. The kord operates within the ‘Pellar Current’; home to the old artes of the ‘double ways’ witch and Wise-woman/Cunning-man, drawing upon the streams of gnosis arising from the preserved corpus of witch-lore, and folk-ceremonial magical traditions of Cornwall and the West Country. The Old Craft of the Pellar employs a rich and varied methodology inclusive of ‘simple’ folk-magical practice to ‘higher’ ceremonial occultism. The working focus of the kord is at once ‘operative’ or ‘results based’ and spiritual in nature. The workings, be they for any such needs as healing, good fortune, vision, or, when the need is great, to work against those who do wrong, is achieved via the aid of spirits, the virtues of place and union with the Old One; and such union or oneness is where the old path of the witch leads, and has its old symbols in such things as the fire at the centre of the circle and the candle fixed between the horns.
‘Old Master Bucca’, the tutelary deity of the kord is a West Country name for the Old Horned One of opposing twin aspects/selves – the ‘black spirit’, Bucca Dhu who, for the witch, presides over the dark of the year, and the ‘white spirit’, Bucca Gwidder; presiding over the light of the year. The Bucca is a deity much misunderstood and surrounded in great mystery and multiple theories. To many within the Pellar Current, The Bucca has been revealed as a deity of the seasonal tides, and of the forces of the weather - revealing the true reason for The Bucca’s traditional importance to both fishermen and farmers in Cornwall and the West Country. As a deity also of balance and an embodiment and resolver of all opposites, The Bucca is for the witch the vessel of the life and death tides of the land, and the very initiator of the Pellar Way. Both the black and white aspects of The Bucca are seen to possess mischievous qualities, this is unsurprising given the associations The Bucca has with the weather – foul or fair; the weather in Cornwall always has surprises to throw up when least expected! To the double ways witch of the West Country, The Bucca reveals the wisdom that arises from the resolving of opposites, thus The Bucca is often lovingly depicted or represented in rites by the candle affixed between the horns, representing the light of wisdom that arises at the meeting of the horns, or pillars, of oppose; at the point of true equipoise – ‘all is one’.
The old deities change and evolve, and The Bucca is a particularly mysterious and difficult to define deity who’s spirit, like other old deities, may manifest in different ways, to different peoples at different times; this is part of The Bucca’s magic.
Preference is always given to outdoor working, at times at some of the various places of potency and virtue within the West Cornish landscape, in such circumstance the site chosen will always depend upon the nature of the work to be done. However, for the most part, work takes place at a far more private location, unknown to others, affording utter privacy and the necessary ‘tacere’; concealment and secrecy of the work.
Wherever the work takes place, the kord seek, at the opening of the ways, to imbibe of the total experience of the working location, the chthonic force, the ‘sprowl’, the virtues and presences conjured, and ultimately, of divine force. In moving about the ‘Compass’, the body and being of the witch becomes a conduit, mediator, vehicle and vessel for these forces. The family of the circle, its egregore, the forces, virtues, atavistic presences and witch divinity become reified in the harmonious coordination of form and force as a holistic entity, ‘all in one’ -symbolised, again, by the ‘hood fire’ at the centre of the circle, thus do the experiences encountered within the ‘Circle of the Wise’ become ‘bone wisdom’.
Always maintained is the contact and relationship with the world of spirits and the ancestors, who speak and convey vision through the presence of the old skull, or through the flames, smoke and vapours of the witch circle, wherein the bonds between the living and the spirit world are confirmed and celebrated with joyous communion.”
“The Tuatha Dé Danann of the precious jewels, Where did they find learning? They came upon perfect wisdom In druidism (and) in deviltry.
Fair Iardanel, a prophet of excellence, Son of Nemed, son of Agnoman, Had as a foolish offspring the active Beothach, Who was a hero of cleaving, full of wonders.
The children of Beothach, —-long-lived their fame-— The host of valiant heroes came, After sorrow and after great sadness, To Lochlann with all of their slips.
Four cities,-—just their renown-— They held in sway with great strength. On this account they passionately made competition For learning their genuine wisdom.
Failias and bright Gorias, Findias (and) Murias of great prowess, From whichi battles were won outside, (Were) the names of the chief cities.
Morfis and noble Erus, Uscias and Semiath, ever-fierce, To name them,—-a discourse of need— (These were) the names of the sages of nehle wisdom.
Morfis (was) the poet of Failias itself, In Gorias (was) Esrus of keen desires), Semiath (was) in Murias, the fortress of pinnacles, (And) Uscias (was) the fair seer of Findias.
Four presents (were fetched) with them hither, By the nobles of the Tuatha DO Danann: A sword, a stone, a caldron of worth, (And) a spear for the death of great champions.
From Failias (came) hither the Lia Fail, Which shouted under the kings of Ireland. The sword in the hand of the nimble Lug From Gorias (it was procured), -— a choice of vast riches.
From far-away Findias over the sea Was brought the deadly spear of Nuada. From Murias (was conveyed) a huge and mighty treasure, The caldron of the Dagda of lofty deeds.
The King of Heaven, the King of feeble men, May he protect me, the King of royal parts, The Being in whom is the endurance of spectres, And the strength of the gentle race.”
Tuatha Dé Danann.
The End. Amen.
There were four islands in which they (Toutai Deuas Danuna) learned science, knowledge and magic; Ualia, Uindia, Goria and Moria (Gaelic: Failias, Findias, Goirias and Murias. Here what are their names: Ualiassos “Close”, Goriassos “Enclose”, Uindiassos “White” and Moriassos “Isolated” (
There were four sages in those four islands: Marouesos “Great Knowing”, master of Laidion uidia (Knowing of Hymns), which was Ualiassos; Esdrios Alto “diplomat,” Master of Ateberton-uidia (Knowing of Sacrifice) at Goriassos; Uisucios “Insightful” master of Brictonon-uidia (Knowing of Spells and Charms), to Uindiassos; and Semiose Bitubarros “The Capricious always Haughty” master of Cantlon-uidia (Knowing the songs) to Moriassos. These are the four druids that Toutai Deuas Danuna learned the wisdom and knowledge.
Was brought to Ualiassos Lianca Ualis “the Stone of Destiny” which is Tamra and crying in every legitimate king who seized the Ireland.
Was brought to Goriassos Slega Boudis “Spear of Victory”, the launches Lugus: we do not deliver battle against one who was in his hand.
Was brought to Uindiassos Suleuca Cladios “Bright Sword,” the sword of Naudon: no one escaped him, and when we pulled the sleeve of Bodu “Cornelius” no one resisted.
Was brought to Moriassos Parios Opos “the Cauldron of Plenty,” the cauldron of Dagodeuos “Good God” no company left him unsatisfied.
Thanks to the symbolic talismans we can find the corresponding points of the compass. We know that each item comes from the combination of two overarching principles: the Water proceeds from the Cold and Wet, the Air from humid and the Hot, the Fire from hot and dry, and the Earth from Dry and cold.
It’s related with Bitus (Mediomagos) from the great triscele: Uindomagos, Mediomagos and Andumnos (Sky, Earth and Sea), the middleworld where we humans live.
Of course that this conception of elements and points of the compass is more later, it’s when the poets of Ireland especially William Butler Yeats had contact with the Golden Dawn Society of England which is the basis of modern occultism, in the gaul and Irish texts there is no connection with this concept.